ByAnne Dennon Home Technology Writer

Anne has covered home security and home automation for for two years. She's interested in human-computer interaction and tech ethics.

The Best Rowing Machines

We picked the brains of rowing coaches, fitness experts, and physical therapists to learn what features make for an exceptional rower. Based on their input, we searched the market for air and water resistance rowing machines, then tested the best for ride-feel and design. We found one model of each type — air resistance and water resistance — that felt truly superior to the others.

The 2 Best Rowing Machines

The Best Rowing Machines: Summed Up

Concept 2 D
WaterRower Classic
Best for Training
Best Rowing Experience
Resistance Type
Performance monitors
Separates into two pieces, has wheels
Stores upright
5-year for frame, 2-year for components
1-year warranty on frame and components (with registration: 5 years for frame, 3 for components)
Featured Image for Rowing Machine

Two top picks stood out from the field of six we tested.

Concept 2 D

Best for

Concept 2 D

An air-resistance machine that’s the unanimous expert favorite for a reason: smooth, consistent rowing with every stroke
Expert backing
Consistently smooth
Reliable adjustments
Sits slightly lower than model E

Why we chose it

Expert go-to

When we asked Stephen Gladstone, the Head Coach of the Yale Heavyweight Rowing Crew, his opinion on what makes a great erg, we expected to learn more about the benefits of different types of rowing machines. Instead, he told us: “I won’t waste your time. There’s one machine that’s head and shoulders above the rest: The Concept 2.”

The Concept 2 D is the best-selling rowing machine in the world for a reason. With the backing of two renowned trainers, plus a member of the 2016 U.S. Olympic rowing team, it's clearly earned its stripes in the rowing world.

Consistently Smooth

The Concept 2’s simple specs belie a ride that’s both impactful and somehow effortless. The smooth, almost silent row is made possible by a polished track and consistently taut chain. The fan creates noticeable wind, but even at high speeds the sound is as easy to tune out as air conditioning or white noise.

No matter the resistance we set or the power we applied, the machine remains sturdy, centered, and even. We amped up the intensity for 2000m sprints and found that the C2 supports consistent effort in a way water resistance can’t. The machine assists in keeping your intensity uniform, because it stores up remaining energy in the spinning flywheel. Comments about the ride feel of both Concept 2s were noticeably brief. As one tester put it, “It’s unremarkable because it’s good,” and leaves you free to focus on the effort you’re putting into your workout.


Reliable adjustments

The foot pedals adjust to numbered levels with easy snap positioning, making it easy to know your ideal foot position and get back to it quickly, in case someone else has changed the position. And predictable resistance levels mean you can accurately match your workouts to online fitness programs, and chart your progress in a translatable way.

Foot Rests for Rowing Machine

It’s simple to adjust the C2 to fit your body.


Greg Hughes, Head Coach of Princeton Heavyweight Rowing, didn’t mince words: “It’s pretty incredible. Virtually indestructible. We have about 100 in our boat house and they’re used 4-6 hours per day.”

If you do experience any issues in the first two years, though, all parts are covered with Concept 2’s warranty. And if any frame parts fail “due to a defect in materials or workmanship,” that’s covered for the first five years.

Points to consider

Sits slightly lower than model E

On theme with C2’s interchangeability, models D or E are essentially the same machine. When we talk about one we’re talking about both. The Concept 2 E is just 8 pounds heavier but is made out of stronger stuff all around — what’s plastic on the model D is aluminium on the model E, and what’s aluminum on the model D is welded steel on the model E. The only noticeable variations are seat height and display position.

The model E’s seat stands 6 inches higher. And while the model D’s monitor rests on an adjustable arm, the E’s sits on unbending metal. These few technical differences do nothing to impact ride feel. We recommend the $200-cheaper model D as the best buy, but the Concept 2 E will appeal to anyone who values a higher seat and more solid construction.

Concept 2 Comparison for Rowing Machine

The model E sits higher off the ground, making it slightly easier to mount and dismount.

WaterRower Classic

Rowing Experience

WaterRower Classic

A water-resistance machine that’s good for the body and easy on the eyes
Smooth and steady
Inconvenient upkeep

Why we chose it

Smooth and steady

WaterRowers couple the density of liquid resistance with comfortable dimensions and a slick sliding seat; together these help the user fall into a soothing rowing cadence. The WaterRower Classic made us feel both relaxed and accomplished: You’re not just getting a workout, you’re moving a boat through still waters.


The dense resistance of water creates substantial drag, but on the WaterRower models, this is perfectly tempered by a whippy cord. It coils and recoils with such steady speed that one tester noted how the Classic “eats the rope back up on recovery.” This smooth agility helps balance out the impact of encountering slow water at the start of every stroke.


The Classic’s nylon cord moves quickly with each drive and recovery.


The ride feel on the WaterRower Classic and the larger, commercial-grade M1 HiRise are effectively equal. We found that the Classic, whose all-wood body is the manufacturer’s signature, offers the best of water resistance for the best price ($300 less than the HiRise and the most modestly priced of all the wood models we considered).


There’s no denying that part of what charmed us with the WaterRower is its classic, dark wood appearance. It’s a sleek design that we’d be happy to keep front-and-center in a home gym.

Points to consider

Inconvenient upkeep

Adjusting the water level is difficult: Balance the bucket above the water tank, insert the included siphon pump into the opening, and squeeze the empty chamber like a stress ball, depositing a half cup or so at a time. We’re grateful that, thanks to water purification tablets, you only need to change the water every 6 months.

How to Find the Right Rowing Machine for You

Know your budget

A safe and effective rowing workout demands a quality machine; any structural tweaks that make it cheaper also make it unsound. If spending $1,000 is outside your price range, your best bet may be going with a different kind of machine. There are great cheap ellipticals and exercise bikes that can provide good workouts at a more manageable price.

Decide on resistance type

If you’re interested in using a rowing machine for focused training — whether for outdoor rowing, an indoor competition, or as part of a larger fitness program — you’ll want air resistance. If you’re drawn to rowers for the enjoyability (alongside the full-body, cardio-plus-strength training efficacy) of a rowing workout, consider a machine with water resistance.

Take a look at your space

Where will you store your rowing machine when you aren't using it? If the answer is a closet, you’ll probably want one that stores vertically. If you’re leaving it out in the open, our WaterRower pick is an especially attractive option that you won’t mind guests seeing.

Hone your technique

Before you start in on your new machine, be sure you know how to row safely. Coach Greg Hughes recommends the training videos made by Concept 2 as well as one featuring a pair of Olympic rowers (filmed on his own turf — the Princeton boathouse).

Rowing Machine FAQ

What’s an ergometer?

An ergometer is technically an instrument for measuring work or energy. It’s also what outdoor rowers call indoor rowing machines. Because rowers use ergs as a standardized method of measuring athletic ability, the name is pretty literal.

What’s the proper rowing technique?

Every stroke consists of four distinct stages, which should meld into a seamless, repeating cycle:

  • Catch: Back upright, knees bent, shins vertical, level arms
  • Drive: Extend legs, engage core, lever body back
  • Finish: Legs at full extension, shoulders slightly behind pelvis, hands at chest
  • Recovery: Slide back to initial position by reversing the steps above

The proper ratio of effort is about 75 percent lower body and 25 percent upper body. Ensure you’re hitting that by driving through your legs and keeping your hands relaxed. Posture plays a big part, too. Concept 2 recommends imagining your upright profile at noon and tilting from the 11 o’clock position (drive) to the 1 o’clock position (recovery).

How beneficial is rowing compared to other types of workouts?

Compared to other forms of in-home workout machines, like an elliptical or treadmill, a rowing machine offers a better chance to gain muscle strength while working more muscle groups than the other options. A rower also provides a low impact workout that is easy on the joints, like an elliptical, but unlike a treadmill. A rowing machine will burn more calories in an hour than an elliptical (but not by much), but a treadmill will burn more calories per hour than a rowing machine (unless you’re rowing like the Winklevoss twins).

What muscles does a rowing machine work?

A rowing machine provides a full-body workout, meaning both the upper and lower body are exercised. Executing proper technique while rowing will exercise the upper and lower back, quadriceps, hamstrings, calves, glutes (buttox), triceps, biceps, forearms, chest, abs, and shoulders-- pretty much everywhere.

Can I compete on my indoor rower?

Yes! The mother of indoor rowing competitions is the CRASH-B Sprints, held annually in Boston. The Charles River All-Star Has-Beens started when the U.S. boycotted the Olympics in 1980 — during the same era that Concept 2 launched their Model A; necessity met opportunity. CRASH-B is still held with aplomb and doesn’t require any special qualification of its applicants.

How long does a rowing machine last?

There are two factors that determine the lifespan of a rowing machine: how it was built and how often it is used. High-quality machines cost more but should last longer than ten years, while machines that are more affordable won’t last as long because they are likely made of cheaper materials. Just the same, a machine that is used daily will wear and tear quicker than a machine that is used less frequently.

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